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Understanding Ankle Sprains

ankle injuriesCommon types of Ankle Injuries

  • Sprains – inversion and eversion
  • Fractures

  • Tendon rupture

  • Tendonitis

  • Tenosynovitis

  • Bursitis



ankle sprain
Inversion
There are two types of ankle sprains:

Inversion – the most common ankle sprain; the foot twists inward in relation to the lower leg and the ankle rolls out.

Eversion – the foot twists outward in relation to the lower leg
and the ankle rolls in.



Ankle Sprain Classifications:

Grade I – minor injury to the ligament, minimal functional loss, little swelling, and localized, mild pain.

Grade II – incomplete rupture of ligament, moderate functional loss, diffuse tenderness and swelling.

Grade III – complete rupture of ligament, significant functional disability, severe tenderness and swelling, marked loss of range of motion.